This research looks at the causes of search and rescue (SAR) and more broadly unintentional injuries on the land in Nunavut. We focus on SAR because of the health and cultural importance to being on the land.
The community of Whale Cove, or Tikirarjuaq (long point), is nestled within a bay, along the western shore of Hudson Bay. The cove is located north of Arviat, just south of Rankin Inlet. This community (with a current population of 392) was initially settled by three distinct Inuit groups (one inland and two coastal), who came to the area during the settlement development of the 1950s. Today, Whale Cove remains a mainly traditional community, with diverging dialects and cultures, originating from both inland and coastal traditions.
The abundance of land and marine wildlife has enabled the Inuit of Whale Cove to enjoy a traditional diet and lifestyle. Seal, walrus and beluga are the mainstay of the traditional diet. Seasonal caribou and polar bear hunting, as well as trout and char fishing, are also regular activities.
To augment the diet of fish and mammals, highly nutritious berries and sea kelp are collected for consumption.