Mercury (Hg) is a toxic heavy metal that changes into various chemical forms through geochemical processes. It is an element that occurs naturally in the environment but with industrialization, humans have altered its cycle by adding more mercury in the water, air, and soil.
Chesterfield Inlet is located on the northwest coast of Hudson Bay, just north of Rankin Inlet. Its traditional name is Igluigaarjuk, which translates to “place with a few igloos.”
Chesterfield, with 390 inhabitants, is considered the “oldest” community in the Arctic, dating back to the 1920s. However, even before the white man came to the area, community living had long been established at Igluigaarjuk. Remains of a complex of sod houses are located just outside the town, where it is believed that over 700 people resided before contact with European culture. Today, the Chesterfield Inlet Historic Trail outlines the rich history of the area. For more information, visit www.chesterfieldinlet.net.